The Macromolecular Femtosecond Crystallography (MFX) instrument makes use of the ability for short pulses of X-rays to limit damage to samples during the exposure. The “diffraction-before-destruction” concept can enable high resolution data to be collected on radiation-sensitive samples, primarily biological samples.
Vincent Esposito and Sam Soon. MFX Hutch 4.5 and control room.
Jacqueline Ramseyer Orrell/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
High-speed X-ray free-electron lasers have unlocked the crystal structures of small molecules relevant to chemistry and materials science, proving a new method that could advance semiconductor and solar cell development.